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Quantitative trait locus analysis of late maturity a-amylase in wheat using the doubled haploid population Cranbrook Halberd

K. Mrva and D. J. Mares

Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 52(12) 1267 - 1273
Published: 15 November 2001


Mapping of the late maturity α-amylase (LMA) gene using quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis represents an important step in identification of potential molecular markers that would greatly improve efficiency and accuracy of screening for LMA. QTL controlling the expression of LMA in wheat were detected in a doubled haploid (DH) cross/population derived from wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell) cultivars Cranbrook (LMA source) and Halberd (non-LMA). The DH population and parents were sown in replicated trials at Narrabri with sowing times differing by 2 weeks. Cool temperature treatment of detached tillers was used to induce expression of LMA in lines carrying the defect. The number of grains in ripe, treated tillers that contained high pI (malt, germination type) α-amylase isozymes was measured using an ELISA antibody kit highly specific for high pI isozymes. QTL analyses were conducted separately for each sowing, but results from both sowings were consistent and indicated that there was a highly significant (P < 0.001) QTL on the long arm of chromosome 7B (accounting for 31% of the variation in the first experiment), with Cranbrook contributing the higher value allele. A second QTL that accounted for 13% of the variation was found close to the centromere on chromosome 3B. Although it was less important than the QTL on 7B it was nevertheless still significant (P < 0.05).

Keywords: QTL, high pI α -amylase isozymes, cool temperature treatment.

© CSIRO 2001

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