Crop and Pasture Science Crop and Pasture Science Society
Plant sciences, sustainable farming systems and food quality
RESEARCH FRONT

Evaluation of faba bean breeding lines for spectral indices, yield traits and yield stability under diverse environments

Fouad Maalouf A D , Miloudi Nachit B , Michel Edmond Ghanem B and Murari Singh C

A International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), Terbol, Beka’a Valley, Lebanon.

B International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), BP 6299, Rabat-Institutes, Rabat, Morocco.

C International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA), PO Box 950764, Amman 11195, Jordan.

D Corresponding author. Email: F.maalouf@cgiar.org

Crop and Pasture Science 66(10) 1012-1023 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CP14226
Submitted: 13 August 2014  Accepted: 17 July 2015   Published: 22 September 2015

Abstract

Drought is a major limiting factor in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) production in the Mediterranean region, which is known for its irregular water distribution and moderate moisture levels (~500 mm rainfall). In this study, faba bean genotypes were evaluated for spectral indices, yield traits, rhizobium nodulation and yield stability under diverse environments, and their relationships. Eleven faba bean genotypes were evaluated under two water regimes, rainfed and supplemental irrigation (SI), in 2008–09; and under three water regimes (rainfed, 50% and 100% soil water capacity irrigation) for three consecutive growing seasons (2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12), at Tel Hadya in Syria. They were also evaluated at Terbol in Lebanon for one season (2011–12) in a split-plot experiment with three irrigation treatments and at Kfardan in Lebanon for two seasons, 2008–09 (rainfed) and 2010–11 (rainfed and SI). The genotypes included three cultivars and eight drought-tolerant breeding lines selected at <300 mm annual rainfall. Phenological and morphological traits were recorded, as well as nodule weight per plant, grain yield, biological yield and spectral reflectance indices. Data were statistically analysed for each year. There were significant genotypic differences for seed yield under SI and rainfed conditions in 2008–09, and full irrigation in 2009–10 and 2011–12. Days to flowering and maturity were significantly different among genotypes for rainfed and irrigated conditions. There were significant differences between water regimes and genotypes, but their interactions were not significant. FLIP06-010FB was the highest yielding and most stable among the tested genotypes across different environments. Days to flowering and days to maturity were positively correlated with grain yield. The spectral indices structure-insensitive pigment index and normalised pheophytinisation index were found to correlate positively with grain yield and could therefore be used for selection under drought-prone environments.

Additional keywords: reflectance techniques, drought, faba bean, nitrogen fixation, NPQI, SIPI.


References

Abdelhamid MT, Palta JA, Veneklaas EJ, Atkins C, Turner NC, Siddique KHM (2011) Drying the surface soil reduces the nitrogen content of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) through a reduction in nitrogen fixation. Plant and Soil 339, 351–362.
Drying the surface soil reduces the nitrogen content of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) through a reduction in nitrogen fixation.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXmsVCmsQ%3D%3D&md5=f1a797da7fe9b8152d8e184f4d678154CAS | open url image1

Abdelmula AA, Link W, Von Kittlitz E, Stelling D (1999) Heterosis and inheritance of drought tolerance in faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Plant Breeding 118, 485–490.
Heterosis and inheritance of drought tolerance in faba bean (Vicia faba L.).CrossRef | open url image1

Amede T, Schubert S (2003) Mechanisms of drought resistance in grain legumes. I. Osmotic adjustment. Ethiopian Journal of Science 26, 37–46.

Amede T, Kittlitz EV, Schubert S (1999) Differential drought responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) inbred lines. Journal of Agronomy & Crop Science 183, 35–45.
Differential drought responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) inbred lines.CrossRef | open url image1

Babar MA, van Ginkel M, Klatt AR, Prasad B, Reynolds MP (2006a) The potential of using spectral reflectance indices to estimate yield in wheat grown under reduced irrigation. Euphytica 150, 155–172.
The potential of using spectral reflectance indices to estimate yield in wheat grown under reduced irrigation.CrossRef | open url image1

Babar MA, Reynolds MP, Van Ginkel M, Klatt AR, Raun WR, Stone ML (2006b) Spectral reflectance indices as a potential indirect selection criteria for wheat yield under irrigation. Crop Science 46, 578–588.
Spectral reflectance indices as a potential indirect selection criteria for wheat yield under irrigation.CrossRef | open url image1

Bausch WC, Duke HR (1996) Remote sensing of plant nitrogen status in corn. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 39, 1869–1875.
Remote sensing of plant nitrogen status in corn.CrossRef | open url image1

Eberhart SA, Russell WA (1966) Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Science 6, 36–40.
Stability parameters for comparing varieties.CrossRef | open url image1

FAOSTAT (2015) ‘World statistics on faba bean.’ (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome) Available at: http://faostatfaoorg

Finlay KW, Wilkinson GN (1963) The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding programme. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 14, 742–754.
The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding programme.CrossRef | open url image1

Gutierrez M, Reynolds MP, Raum WR, Stones ML, Klatt AR (2010) Spectral water indices for assessing yield in elite bread wheat genotypes in well irrigated water stressed, and high temperature conditions. Crop Science 50, 197–214.
Spectral water indices for assessing yield in elite bread wheat genotypes in well irrigated water stressed, and high temperature conditions.CrossRef | open url image1

Hall FG, Hummrich KF, Goward SN (1990) Use of narrow band of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation. Remote Sensing of Environment 34, 273–288.

Holland JB, Bjørnstad Å, Frey KJ, Gullord M, Wesenberg DM (2002) Recurrent selection for broad adaptation affects stability of oat. Euphytica 126, 265–274.
Recurrent selection for broad adaptation affects stability of oat.CrossRef | open url image1

Huete AR (1988) A soil-adjusted vegetation index SAVI. Remote Sensing of Environment 25, 295–309.
A soil-adjusted vegetation index SAVI.CrossRef | open url image1

Iannucci A, Terribile MR, Martiniello P (2008) Effects of temperature and photoperiod on flowering time of forage legumes in a Mediterranean environment. Field Crops Research 106, 156–162.
Effects of temperature and photoperiod on flowering time of forage legumes in a Mediterranean environment.CrossRef | open url image1

Jacquemoud S, Baret F (1990) PROSPECT: A model of leaf optical properties. Remote Sensing of Environment 34, 75–91.
PROSPECT: A model of leaf optical properties.CrossRef | open url image1

Jordan CF (1969) Derivation of leaf area index from quality measurements of light on the forest floor. Ecology 50, 663–666.
Derivation of leaf area index from quality measurements of light on the forest floor.CrossRef | open url image1

Katerji N (1990) Use of simulation methods for determining critical leaf water potential for stomatal closure in field conditions. Ecological Modelling 50, 133–144.
Use of simulation methods for determining critical leaf water potential for stomatal closure in field conditions.CrossRef | open url image1

Katerji N, Mastrorilli M, Lahmerc FZF, Maalouf F, Oweis T (2011) Faba bean productivity in saline–drought conditions. European Journal of Agronomy 35, 2–12.
Faba bean productivity in saline–drought conditions.CrossRef | open url image1

Khalil S, Kharrat M, Malhotra RS, Saxena MC, Erskine W (2004) Breeding faba bean for Orobanche resistance. In ‘International management of Orobanche in food legumes in the Near East and North Africa. Proceedings Expert Consultation on IPM for Orobanche in Food Legume Systems in the Near East and North Africa’. Rabat, Morocco. (Eds R Dahan, M El-Mourid) pp. 1–18. (ICARDA: Rabat, Morocco)

Khan HR, Link W, Hocking TJ, Stoddard FL (2007) Evaluation of physiological traits for improving drought tolerance in faba bean Vicia faba L. Plant and Soil 292, 205–217.
Evaluation of physiological traits for improving drought tolerance in faba bean Vicia faba L.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXjtlCju7o%3D&md5=e8428369205c1426ffc7e6f70dfcefc1CAS | open url image1

Khan HR, Paull JG, Siddique KHM, Stoddard FL (2010) Faba bean breeding for drought-affected environments: a physiological and agronomic perspective. Field Crops Research 115, 279–286.
Faba bean breeding for drought-affected environments: a physiological and agronomic perspective.CrossRef | open url image1

Kim MS, Daughtry CST, Chappelle EW (1994) The use of high spectral resolution bands for estimating absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (Apar). In ‘Proceedings Sixth Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing’. 17–21 January, Val D’Isere, France. pp. 299–306.

Lin CS, Binns MR, Lefkovitch LP (1986) Stability analysis: where do we stand? Crop Science 26, 894–900.
Stability analysis: where do we stand?CrossRef | open url image1

McDonald GK, Paulsen GM (1997) High temperature effects on photosynthesis and water relations of grain legumes. Plant and Soil 196, 47–58.

McMaster CS, White JW, Wilhelm WW, Jamieson PD, Baenziger PS, Weiss A, Porter JR (2009) Simulating crop developmental responses to limited soil water. In ‘Modeling the response of crops to limited water: Recent advances in understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth processes’. Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling. Trans-disciplinary Research, Synthesis, and Applications. Vol. 1. (Eds LR Ahuja, VR Reddy, SA Anapalli, Q Yu) (ASA-SSSA-CSSA: Madison, WI, USA)

Merton R, Huntington J (1999) Early simulation results of the ARIES-1 satellite sensor for multi-temporal vegetation research derived from AVIRIS. NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA. Available at: ftp://popo.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/docs/workshops/99_docs/41.pdf

Mínguez MI, Ruiz-Nogueira B, Sau F (1993) Faba bean productivity and optimum canopy development under a Mediterranean climate. Field Crops Research 33, 435–447.
Faba bean productivity and optimum canopy development under a Mediterranean climate.CrossRef | open url image1

Montgomery DC, Peck EA (1992) ‘Introduction to linear regression analysis.’ 2nd edn (Wiley: New York)

Osborne SL, Schepers JS, Francis DD, Schlemmer MR (2002) Use of spectral radiance to estimate in-season BY and GY in nitrogen- and water-stressed corn. Crop Science 42, 165–171.
Use of spectral radiance to estimate in-season BY and GY in nitrogen- and water-stressed corn.CrossRef | 11756268PubMed | open url image1

Payne RW (Ed.) (2011)’ The guide to GenStat® Release 14 Part 2: Statistics.’ (VSN International: Hemel Hempstead, UK)

Peñuelas J, Filella I, Biel C, Serrano L, Save R (1993) The reflectance at the 950–970 nm region as an indicator of plant water status. International Journal of Remote Sensing 14, 1887–1905.
The reflectance at the 950–970 nm region as an indicator of plant water status.CrossRef | open url image1

Peñuelas J, Filella I, Lloret P, Munoz FJ, Vilajeliu M (1995a) Reflectance assessment of plant mite attack on apple trees. International Journal of Remote Sensing 16, 2727–2733.
Reflectance assessment of plant mite attack on apple trees.CrossRef | open url image1

Peñuelas J, Baret F, Filella I (1995b) Semi-empirical indices to assess carotenoids/chlorophyll a ratio from leaf spectral reflectance. Photosynthetica 31, 221–230.

Plies-Balzer E, Kong T, Schubert S, Mengel K (1995) Effect of water stress on plant growth, nitrogenase activity and nitrogen economy of four different cultivars of Vicia faba L. European Journal of Agronomy 4, 167–173.
Effect of water stress on plant growth, nitrogenase activity and nitrogen economy of four different cultivars of Vicia faba L.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXnsVehtLg%3D&md5=4b93b3f4784f01100df920c0442987b3CAS | open url image1

Prasad B, Carver BF, Stone ML, Babar MA, Raun WR, Klatt AR (2007) Potential use of spectral reflectance indices as a selection tool for grain yield in winter wheat under Great Plains conditions. Crop Science 47, 1426–1440.
Potential use of spectral reflectance indices as a selection tool for grain yield in winter wheat under Great Plains conditions.CrossRef | open url image1

Ricciardi L, Polignano GB, Giovanni CD (2001) Genotypic response of faba bean to water stress. Euphytica 118, 39–46.
Genotypic response of faba bean to water stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXhsFGlsbo%3D&md5=ad9d4695b974593e26e4d157885463daCAS | open url image1

Sau F, Minguez MI (2000) Adaptation of indeterminate faba beans to weather and management under a Mediterranean climate. Field Crops Research 66, 81–99.
Adaptation of indeterminate faba beans to weather and management under a Mediterranean climate.CrossRef | open url image1

Shukla GK (1972) Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability. Heredity 29, 237–245.
Some statistical aspects of partitioning genotype-environmental components of variability.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaE3s%2FjsFGisA%3D%3D&md5=13d99db3757e065b3cce71deb858e0d4CAS | 4507945PubMed | open url image1

Siddique KHM, Walton GH, Seymour M (1993) A comparison of seed yields of winter grain legumes in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 33, 915–922.
A comparison of seed yields of winter grain legumes in Western Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Siddique KHM, Regan KL, Tennant D, Thomson BD (2001) Water use and water use efficiency of cool season grain legumes in low rainfall Mediterranean-type environments. European Journal of Agronomy 15, 267–280.
Water use and water use efficiency of cool season grain legumes in low rainfall Mediterranean-type environments.CrossRef | open url image1

Sims DA, Gamon JA (2002) Relationships between leaf pigment content and spectral reflectance across a wide range of species, leaf structures and developmental stages. Remote Sensing of Environment 81, 337–354.
Relationships between leaf pigment content and spectral reflectance across a wide range of species, leaf structures and developmental stages.CrossRef | open url image1

Singh M, Malhotra RS, Ceccarelli S, Sarker A, Grando S, Erskine W (2003) Spatial variability models to improve dryland field trials. Experimental Agriculture 39, 151–160.
Spatial variability models to improve dryland field trials.CrossRef | open url image1

Stoddard FL, Balko C, Erskine W, Khan HR, Link W, Sarker A (2006) Screening techniques and sources of resistance to abiotic stresses in cool-season food legumes. Euphytica 147, 167–186.
Screening techniques and sources of resistance to abiotic stresses in cool-season food legumes.CrossRef | open url image1

Subbarao GV, Johansen C, Slinkard AE, Nageswara RC, Saxena NP, Chauhan YS (1995) Strategies for improving drought resistance in grain legumes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 14, 469–523.
Strategies for improving drought resistance in grain legumes.CrossRef | open url image1

Thalji T, Shalaldeh G (2006) Effect of planting date on faba bean (Vicia faba L.) nodulation and performance under semiarid conditions. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24, 477–482.

Wery J, Silim SN, Knights EJ, Malhotra RS, Cousin S (1994) Screening techniques and sources and tolerance to extremes of moisture and air temperature in cool season food legumes. Euphytica 73, 73–83.
Screening techniques and sources and tolerance to extremes of moisture and air temperature in cool season food legumes.CrossRef | open url image1

Yan W (2011) GGE biplot vs. AMMI graphs for genotype-by-environment data analysis. Journal of the Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics 65, 181–193.

Yau SK, Hamblin J (1994) Relative yield as a measure of entry performance in variable environments. Crop Science 34, 813–817.
Relative yield as a measure of entry performance in variable environments.CrossRef | open url image1

Zahran HH, Sprent JI (1986) Effect of sodium chloride and polyethylene glycol on root-hair infection and nodulation of Vicia faba L. plants by Rhizobium leguminosarum. Planta 167, 303–309.
Effect of sodium chloride and polyethylene glycol on root-hair infection and nodulation of Vicia faba L. plants by Rhizobium leguminosarum.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaL28Xhs1Glurg%3D&md5=5928f52c149b751c2ec94fee4ff56c35CAS | 24240297PubMed | open url image1



Export Citation