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The Rangeland Journal publishes original work on the biophysical, social, cultural, economic, and policy influences affecting rangeland use and management. More

Editor-in-Chief: John Milne

 
 
 

blank image The Rangeland Journal
Volume 36 Number 6 2014
Social and Ecological Aspects of Grassland Use in Northern China: Implications for Adaptation to Climate Change

 
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Introduction to ‘Social and Ecological Aspects of Grassland Use in Northern China: Implications for Adaptation to Climate Change’ 
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F. Y. Li and R. D. B. Whalley
pp. i-ii
 
 

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Climate changes during the past 31 years and their contribution to the changes in the productivity of rangeland vegetation in the Inner Mongolian typical steppe 
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Xinhong Wu , Peng Li , Chao Jiang , Pengtao Liu , Jing He and Xiangyang Hou
pp. 519-526

Climate change and human activities are two important sets of factors affecting the production of vegetation of the rangelands. This paper describes the use of a method of distinguishing between the effects of these two sets of factors. Climate change was found to be a more important factor than human activities in influencing the production of vegetation of the rangelands. Human activities need to be modified in the future to cope with climate changes that may occur.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Response of the annual biomass production of a typical steppe plant community to precipitation fluctuations 
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Zhen Wang , Qing Zhang , Xiaoping Xin , Yong Ding , Xiangyang Hou , Sarula , Xiliang Li , Haijun Chen , Yanting Yin , Jing Hu and Zhongling Liu
pp. 527-534

The effects of precipitation fluctuations on dominant species, functional groups and plant community were measured in a long-term (29 years) fenced area in a typical steppe region in northern China. The amount of annual precipitation affected the annual biomass of the dominant species and consequently the aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP). A positive linear relationship was found between annual precipitation and the biomass of perennial grasses, perennial forbs and Stipa grandis. The ANPP increased linearly with increasing amount of annual precipitation.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Evaluation of the livelihood vulnerability of pastoral households in Northern China to natural disasters and climate change 
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Wenqiang Ding , Weibo Ren , Ping Li , Xiangyang Hou , Xiaolong Sun , Xiliang Li , Jihong Xie and Yong Ding
pp. 535-543

The vulnerability to disasters and climate change of the herders in the grassland areas of Northern China were evaluated in this study. The results showed that the livelihoods of herders in the west of this area are more vulnerable than those in the east. The key reason is that the more vulnerable herders own fewer natural resources, including grassland areas and livestock.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Assessment of vulnerability to climate change in the Inner Mongolia steppe at a county scale from 1980 to 2009 
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Tingting Yang , Peng Li , Xinhong Wu , Xiangyang Hou , Pengtao Liu and Guozheng Yao
pp. 545-555

Based on the Pressure-State-Response model, a vulnerability assessment to climate change framework of counties in Inner Mongolia was built, which included three layers and 17 indicators. Climate change vulnerability of eight counties in the steppe area of Inner Mongolia was assessed from 1980 to 2009. The results showed that in the past 30 years, climate change vulnerability of eight counties has decreased trend with the decrease more pronounced after 2000. But, overall, the vulnerability of the Inner Mongolia steppe remains high. Most of the counties are moderately vulnerable; some counties are seriously vulnerable, even extremely vulnerable.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Herders’ perception of climate change does not always fit with actual climate change 
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Xiliang Li , Zhen Wang , Xiangyang Hou , Zhiying Liu , Sarula , Yanting Yin , Yong Ding and Jing Hu
pp. 557-564

Herders’ perception did not agree with the actual climate changes in six rangeland regions of Inner Mongolia in northern China. The majority of herders perceived a decline in precipitation over the past 30 years, whereas actual data showed no significant change. Furthermore, herders’ perceptions of a decrease in rainfall appeared to be influenced by their perceptions of reductions in the productivity of their rangelands.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Grazing primarily drives the relative abundance change of C4 plants in the typical steppe grasslands across households at a regional scale 
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Qing Zhang , Yong Ding , Wenjing Ma , Sarula Kang , Xin Li , Jianming Niu , Xiangyang Hou , Xiliang Li and Sarula
pp. 565-572

Understanding the effects of climate change and grazing on the relative abundance of C4 plants in steppe grasslands is important. A 5-year experiment in the typical steppe region of Inner Mongolia showed that both increasing temperature and grazing intensity promoted the relative abundance of C4 plants, and grazing was the primary driver. This study provides a basis for assessing the effects of climate and land-use change on grassland ecosystem structure and function.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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The response of grassland productivity, soil carbon content and soil respiration rates to different grazing regimes in a desert steppe in northern China 
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Xiangyang Hou , Zhen Wang , Schellenberg P. Michael , Lei Ji and Xiangjun Yun
pp. 573-582

The effects of continuous, rotational and absence of grazing were measured on several community attributes in 2010 and 2012 on a desert steppe in northern China. Soil respiration increased linearly with increasing aboveground net primary productivity, belowground net primary productivity, and soil carbon and nitrogen contents across the 2 years, whereas a negative correlation was detected between soil respiration and soil temperature. The community aboveground net primary productivity, belowground net primary productivity, litter mass, soil carbon and nitrogen contents and soil respiration rates were lower in a dry year (2010) than in a wet year (2012).

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Different responses of plant species to deferment of sheep grazing in a desert steppe of Inner Mongolia, China 
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Zhen Wang , Xiangyang Hou , Michael P. Schellenberg , Yan Qin , Xiangjun Yun , Zhijun Wei , Chao Jiang and Yunfeng Wang
pp. 583-592

Plant functional groups, such as C3 and C4 species, have been used extensively to study responses to sheep grazing in the desert steppe in Inner Mongolia. Grazing deferment (particularly for 50 and 60 days) significantly promoted the growth of C3 plants and increased C3-species richness. Both C3 and C4 plant mass was significant decreased by continuous whole seasonal grazing, as was the aboveground net primary productivity.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Effects of mowing regimes and climate variability on hay production of Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvelev grassland in northern China 
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Taogetao Baoyin , Frank Yonghong Li , Qinghai Bao , Hugjiltu Minggagud and Yankai Zhong
pp. 593-600

Haymaking is an important practice for preparing winter feed for livestock production in northern China. Effects of four mowing regimes and climate variability on hay production in a Leymus chinensis natural grassland were investigated over 27 years. The results suggest that the best haymaking practice should be based on the rule of ‘mowing once a year’ in high-production years and grazing in low-production years.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Herders’ opinions about desirable stocking rates and overstocking in the rangelands of northern China 
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Xiangyang Hou , Yantin Yin , David Michalk , Xiangjun Yun , Yong Ding , Xiliang Li and Jizhou Ren
pp. 601-610

The Chinese government has proposed the ‘balancing animals and grass’ policy to remediate grassland degradation; but herders’ perceptions about desirable stocking rates are different from the policy standard. Herders have their own particular ‘desirable stocking rates’ and different herders from different rangeland regions have different desirable stocking rates. Those herders with more formal education and those who worked in a village council and had smaller areas of rangelands, were more concerned about the overstocking of rangelands.

   |        Open Access Article
 

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Published online 17 December 2014
A comparison of biodiversity–ecosystem function relationships in alpine grasslands across a degradation gradient on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau 
Xuexia Wang, Shikui Dong, Ruth Sherman, Quanru Liu, Shiliang Liu, Yuanyuan Li and Yu Wu

Despite increasing evidence of the importance of plant diversity for ecosystem functioning in natural grasslands in the alpine region, the impacts of grassland degradation is not clear. The changes in plant and functional diversity may influence the ecosystem functions such as primary productivity, C and N stocks, soil conservation in degraded alpine grasslands. Therefore, it is important to restore the ecosystem functions of degraded alpine by protecting and increasing plant biodiversity according to the plant biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship.

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Published online 17 December 2014
Herdsmen’s attitudes towards rangeland fencing, protection of Przewalski’s gazelle and control of wolf predation on livestock 
Jianbin Shi, Wenyuan You, Feiying Lu, Zihui Zhang and Xiaowen Li

Herdsmen play key role in addressing conflicts of carnivore-livestock-ungulates in Qinghai-Tibet plateau of China, but not enough studies have been conducted on this. This study has tried to understand the local herdsmen’s attitudes towards rangeland fencing, Przewalski’s gazelle protection and control of wolf predation on livestock, and found out that while most herdsmen are willing to protect the gazelle and won’t kill wolves, they consider wolf’s predation on their livestock a big problem and want compensation for de-fencing to protect the gazelle. The herdsmen need to be considered and involved in the development and implementation of any program to protect the gazelle, recovery of wolf populations and maintain rangeland ecosystems.

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Published online 04 December 2014
Changes in vegetation composition and plant diversity with rangeland degradation in the alpine region of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 
Lin Tang, Shikui Dong, Ruth Sherman, Shiliang Liu, Quanru Liu, Xuexia Wang, Xukun Su, Yong Zhang, Yuanyuan Li, Yu Wu, Haidi Zhao, Chen Zhao and Xiaoyu Wu

The changes in vegetation composition and plant diversity of three different alpine ecosystems: alpine meadow, alpine steppe and alpine desert, impacted by different levels of degradation (healthy, lightly degraded and moderately degraded) were examined across a large-scale transect on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The importance values of the dominant species and levels of diversity were measured by various vegetation indices. The plant composition of the alpine meadow and alpine steppe ecosystems was more stable and appeared more resistant to disturbance than that of the alpine desert ecosystem.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    RJ14084  Accepted 15 December 2014
    Temporal-spatial changes in ecosystem services and its implications for conservation of alpine rangelands on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Xiaowen Li, Mengdi Li, Shikui Dong, Jianbin Shi
    Abstract


    RJ14056  Accepted 15 December 2014
    Impacts of burrows and mounds formed by plateau rodents on plant species diversity on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Ruixin Wu, Qi Chai, Jianquan Zhang, Mengying Zhong, Yuehua Liu, Xiaoting Wei, Duo Pan, Xinqing Shao
    Abstract


    RJ14092  Accepted 02 December 2014
    Effect of a grazing ban on restoring the degraded alpine meadows of Northern Tibet
    Weina Zhang, Jav Ganjur, Yan Liang, Qingzhu Gao, Yunfan Wan, Yue Li, Yuzhen Baima, Zhuoma Xirao
    Abstract


    RJ14117  Accepted 17 November 2014
    Enhancing the resilience of coupled human and natural systems of alpine rangelands on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Shikui Dong
    Abstract


    RJ14072  Accepted 11 October 2014
    A novel protocol for assessment of above ground biomass in rangeland environments
    Charity Mundava, Antonius Schut, Petra Helmholz, Richard Stovold, Graham Donald, David Lamb
    Abstract


    RJ14073  Accepted 06 October 2014
    Communal institutions for the management of rangeland resources and dairy production in Taleghan Valley, Northern Iran
    Mehdi Ghorbani, Ali Akbar Mehrabi, Hossein Azarnivand, Susan Bastani, Mohammad Jafari, Klaus Seeland
    Abstract


    RJ14080  Accepted 01 October 2014
    Effects of grazing and climate warming on plant diversity, productivity and living state in the alpine rangelands and cultivated grasslands of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Yong Zhang, Qingzhu Gao, Shikui Dong, Shiliang Liu, Xuexia Wang, Xukun Su, Yuanyuan Li, Lin Tang, Xiaoyu Wu, Haidi Zhao
    Abstract


    RJ14094  Accepted 23 September 2014
    A critical review of socioeconomic and natural factors in ecological degradation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China
    Pu Wang, James Lassoie, Stephen Morreale, Shikui Dong
    Abstract


    RJ14064  Accepted 26 August 2014
    Changes in rangeland cover associated with livestock grazing in Altun National Nature Reserve, northwest Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
    Xukun Su, Shikui Dong, Shiliang Liu, Yu Wu, Haidi Zhao, Xiang Zhang, Jjin Weng, Lin Tang, Xiaoyu Wu, Peng Hou
    Abstract


    RJ14101  Accepted 19 August 2014
    FOREWORD:- Fire - Carbon - Savanna special issue
    Tom Davison
    Abstract


    RJ14061  Accepted 07 August 2014
    Analysis of vegetation change associated with human disturbance using MODIS data on the rangelands of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
    Haidi Zhao, Shiliang Liu, Shikui Dong, Xukun Su, Xuexia Wang, Xiaoyu Wu, Lei Wu, Xiang Zhang
    Abstract


    RJ14068  Accepted 29 July 2014
    Spatio-temporal variability in rangeland condition associated with climate change in the Altun Nature Reserve on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the past 15 years
    Shiliang Liu, Haidi Zhao, Xukun Su, Li Deng, Shikui Dong, Xiang Zhang
    Abstract




The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 3 April 2014
Principles and guidelines for managing cattle grazing in the grazing lands of northern Australia: stocking rates, pasture resting, prescribed fire, paddock size and water points – a review

L. P. Hunt, J. G. McIvor, A. C. Grice and S. G. Bray

2. Published 13 January 2014
Can changes to pasture management reduce runoff and sediment loss to the Great Barrier Reef? The results of a 10-year study in the Burdekin catchment, Australia

Rebecca Bartley, Jeff P. Corfield, Aaron A. Hawdon, Anne E. Kinsey-Henderson, Brett N. Abbott, Scott N. Wilkinson and Rex J. Keen

3. Published 13 January 2014
Incorporating farmed goats into sustainable rangeland grazing systems in southern Australia: a review

Ronald B. Hacker and Yohannes Alemseged

4. Published 13 January 2014
Establishing the carrying capacity of the grasslands of China: a review

Y. J. Zhang, X. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Wang, N. Liu and H. M. Kan

5. Published 26 June 2014
Sustainable grazing management for temporal and spatial variability in north Australian rangelands – a synthesis of the latest evidence and recommendations

Peter O'Reagain, Joe Scanlan, Leigh Hunt, Robyn Cowley and Dionne Walsh

6. Published 3 April 2014
A comparison of stocking methods for beef production in northern Australia: pasture and soil surface condition responses

Trevor J. Hall, John G. McIvor, David J. Reid, Paul Jones, Neil D. MacLeod, Cam K. McDonald and David R. Smith

7. Published 13 January 2014
Introduction of Dorper sheep into Australian rangelands: implications for production and natural resource management

Yohannes Alemseged and Ronald B. Hacker

8. Published 26 June 2014
A rapid survey method for estimating population density of European rabbits living in native vegetation

Greg Mutze, Brian Cooke, Mark Lethbridge and Scott Jennings

9. Published 3 April 2014
Remotely-sensed analysis of ground-cover change in Queensland’s rangelands, 1988–2005

G. Bastin, R. Denham, P. Scarth, A. Sparrow and V. Chewings

10. Published 13 January 2014
Working Knowledge: characterising collective indigenous, scientific, and local knowledge about the ecology, hydrology and geomorphology of Oriners Station, Cape York Peninsula, Australia

M. Barber, S. Jackson, J. Shellberg and V. Sinnamon

11. Published 26 June 2014
Virtual herding for flexible livestock management – a review

Dean M. Anderson, Rick E. Estell, Jerry L. Holechek, Shanna Ivey and Geoffrey B. Smith

12. Published 3 April 2014
EcoFire: regional-scale prescribed burning increases the annual carrying capacity of livestock on pastoral properties by reducing pasture loss from wildfire

Anja Skroblin, Sarah Legge, Terry Webb and Leigh P. Hunt

13. Published 13 January 2014
The polyploid nature of Cenchrus ciliaris L. (Poaceae) has been overlooked: new insights for the conservation and invasion biology of this species – a review

Amina Kharrat-Souissi, Sonja Siljak-Yakovlev, Spencer C. Brown, Alex Baumel, Franck Torre and Mohamed Chaieb

14. Published 26 June 2014
Proximate causes and possible adaptive functions of mast seeding and barren flower shows in spinifex grasses (Triodia spp.) in arid regions of Australia

Boyd R. Wright, Alain F. Zuur and Gary C. K. Chan

15. Published 24 September 2014
How hot? How often? Getting the fire frequency and timing right for optimal management of woody cover and pasture composition in northern Australian grazed tropical savannas. Kidman Springs Fire Experiment 1993–2013

Robyn A. Cowley, Mark H. Hearnden, Karen E. Joyce, Miguel Tovar-Valencia, Trisha M. Cowley, Caroline L. Pettit and Rodd M. Dyer

16. Published 13 January 2014
High levels of diversity for seed and forage production exist in Cullen australasicum, a potential new perennial forage legume for dry environments in southern Australia

Alan W. Humphries, Stephen J. Hughes, Ramakrishnan M. Nair, Eric Kobelt and Graeme Sandral

17. Published 3 April 2014
Characterisation of locoweeds and their effect on livestock production in the western rangelands of China: a review

Hao Lu, Dan Dan Cao, Feng Ma, Shan Shan Wang, Xiao Wen Yang, Wen Long Wang, Qi Wu Zhou and Bao Yu Zhao

18. Published 5 December 2014
Effects of mowing regimes and climate variability on hay production of Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvelev grassland in northern China

Taogetao Baoyin, Frank Yonghong Li, Qinghai Bao, Hugjiltu Minggagud and Yankai Zhong

19. Published 26 June 2014
Phosphorus content of the soil influences the growth and productivity of Themeda triandra Forssk. and Microlaena stipoides (Labill.) R.Br.

Cameron E. F. Clark, Meredith L. Mitchell, Mohammed R. Islam and Brent Jacobs

20. Published 28 October 2014
Resting pastures to improve land condition in northern Australia: guidelines based on the literature and simulation modelling

Joe C. Scanlan, John G. McIvor, Steven G. Bray, Robyn A. Cowley, Leigh P. Hunt, Lester I. Pahl, Neil D. MacLeod and Giselle L. Whish


      
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