Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology

Extension of a Farquhar model for limitations of leaf photosynthesis induced by light environment, phenology and leaf age in grapevines (Vitis vinifera L. cvv. White Riesling and Zinfandel)

Functional Plant Biology 30(6) 673 - 687
Published: 25 June 2003


Measurements of gas exchange and stomatal conductance were made on potted and field-grown grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) on leaves from different light environments (sun and shade) at different phenological stages during the season to parameterise the Farquhar model. The model parameters for Rubisco activity (Vcmax), maximum electron transport rate (Jmax), and triose-phosphate utilisation (TPU) were estimated on the basis of a large data set (n = 105) of CO2 assimilation (A) versus internal CO2 pressure (Ci) curves. Leaf age was described with the leaf plastochron index (LPI). Stomatal coupling to photosynthesis was modelled with the Ball–Woodrow–Berry empirical model of stomatal conductance. Mature shade leaves had 35–40% lower values of Vcmax, Jmax and TPU than sun leaves. The difference between leaf types decreased at the end of the season. The ratio Jmax / Vcmax and values of day respiration (Rd) and CO2 compensation point in the absence of mitochondrial respiration (Γ*) varied little during the season and were independent of LPI. Validation of the model with independent diurnal data sets of measurements of gas exchange and stomatal conductance at ambient CO2 concentrations for three days between June and October, covering a large range of environmental conditions, showed good agreement between measured and simulated values.

Keywords: gas exchange, leaf age, light environment, modelling, phenology, stomatal conductance, Vitis vinifera.

© CSIRO 2003

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