Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Grapevine varieties exhibiting differences in stomatal response to water deficit

Joaquim M. Costa A B D E , Maria F. Ortuño B C D , Carlos M. Lopes A and Maria M. Chaves A B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Centro de Botânica Aplicada à Agricultura, Instituto Superior de Agronomia – UTL, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal.

B Laboratório de Ecofisiologia Molecular, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica -UNL, Apartado 127, 2780-901 Oeiras, Portugal.

C Present address: Centro de Edafologia y Biologia Aplicada del Segura (CEBAS-CSIC), PO Box 164, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

D These authors contributed equally to this work.

E Corresponding author. Email: miguelc@itqb.unl.pt

Functional Plant Biology 39(3) 179-189 https://doi.org/10.1071/FP11156
Submitted: 15 July 2011  Accepted: 17 January 2012   Published: 2 March 2012

Abstract

Knowledge on variety traits and physiological responses to stress is still scarce in Vitis vinifera L., limiting the optimisation of irrigation and breeding for high water use efficiency. We have characterised five grapevine varieties using thermal imaging, leaf gas exchange, leaf morphology and carbon isotope composition. Plants of the varieties Aragonez, Trincadeira, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Touriga Nacional were grown in field conditions. Two experiments were performed. In Experiment I (2006), vines of Aragonez and Trincadeira were either well irrigated (WI, 80% ETc), non-irrigated but rain fed (NI) or subjected to regulated deficit irrigation (RDI, 40% ETc) and studied along the summer season. In Experiment II (2006 and 2007), vines of the five varieties were subjected to RDI (30–40% ETc) and studied at veraison. In Experiment I, leaf temperature (Tleaf) correlated negatively with stomatal conductance (gs) and leaf water potential (Ψpd). The inverse relationship between gs and Tleaf was highly significant in the afternoon. In Experiment II, the different genotypes showed different Tleaf for similar Ψpd. Stomatal density did not correlate with gs suggesting that varieties have different stomatal control. Our results show that combined measurements of canopy temperature and Ψpd can aid in better understanding of stomatal regulation in different grapevine varieties. Such variation in stomatal regulation should be taken into account in determining irrigation strategies.

Additional keywords: genotypes, stomatal conductance to water vapour, thermal imaging, Vitis vinifera, water stress.


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