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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Functional Plant Biology publishes new and significant information on the functional biology of plants at all scales from the molecular through whole plant to community. More

Editor-in-Chief: Sergey Shabala


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Published online 19 August 2016
Natural variation in primary root growth and K+ retention in roots of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense) under salt stress 
Emanuel Bojórquez-Quintal, Nancy Ruiz-Lau, Ana Velarde-Buendía, Ileana Echevarría-Machado, Igor Pottosin and Manuel Martínez-Estévez

In this work, we demonstrated the natural variation in mechanisms for protection against salt stress in pepper varieties. NaCl-induced K+ and H+ efflux in roots was also studied by ion-selective microelectrodes under application of pharmacological agents. Pharmacological analysis indicated that the NaCl-induced K+ leakage was mediated by TEA+-sensitive KOR channels but not by NSCC channels and we present evidence for participation of proline, and HAK K+ transporter for maintaining K+ homeostasis under salt stress.

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Published online 19 August 2016
Comparison of full-length and conserved segments of wheat dehydrin DHN-5 overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana showed different responses to abiotic and biotic stress 
Marwa Drira, Moez Hanin, Khaled Masmoudi and Faiçal Brini

Dehydrin proteins play a key role in stress tolerance in plants. The aim of this work was to highlight the role of the different conserved domains of a wheat dehydrin (DHN-5) overexpressed in Arabidopsis transgenic plants. We showed that DHN-5 via its K-segments may play a role in the improvement of tolerance to abiotic and biotic stress. It remains to be seen the effect of the over-expressing of DHN-5 in the development of crops with multiple stress tolerances.

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Published online 19 August 2016
Potassium fluxes and reactive oxygen species production as potential indicators of salt tolerance in Cucumis sativus 
Mirvat Redwan, Francesco Spinelli, Lucia Marti, Matthias Weiland, Emily Palm, Elisa Azzarello and Stefano Mancuso

Salt stress has a high impact on crop yield, with current global annual losses being around US$27 billion. Among horticulture crops, cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is considered a moderately salt-sensitive species. Here, we report a study on two cultivars of cucumber with different tolerance to salt. The ability of roots to retain K and produce reactive O species is important for salt tolerance screening and plant breeding programmes.

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Published online 09 August 2016
Proteomic responses in shoots of the facultative halophyte Aeluropus littoralis (Poaceae) under NaCl salt stress 
Wassim Azri, Zouhaier Barhoumi, Farhat Chibani, Manel Borji, Mouna Bessrour and Ahmed Mliki

Very little is known about the adaptation mechanism of A. littoralis under saline conditions. In this study, we investigated salt tolerance mechanisms adopted by this halophyte. Proteomic analyses revealed that the reduction of proteins related to photosynthesis and induction of proteins involved in glycolysis activity and TCA cycle and energy metabolism could be the main mechanisms for salt tolerance in A. littoralis.

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Published online 08 August 2016
Salinity effects on chloroplast PSII performance in glycophytes and halophytes1 
William J. Percey, Andrew McMinn, Jayakumar Bose, Michael C. Breadmore, Rosanne M. Guijt and Sergey Shabala

This paper investigates effect of salinity stress and K+ nutrition on photosynthetic parameters of isolated chloroplasts and shows that chloroplasts’ ability to regulate ion transport across the envelope and thylakoid membranes play a critical role in leaf photosynthetic performance under salinity.

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  1&title=Functional Plant Biology&date=9999&volume=9999&spage=&epage=&aulast=Percey&aufirst=William J." target="_blank" >  | Supplementary Material (126 KB)
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Published online 05 August 2016
Micron-scale phenotyping quantification and three-dimensional microstructure reconstruction of vascular bundles within maize stalks based on micro-CT scanning 
Jianjun Du, Ying Zhang, Xinyu Guo, Liming Ma, Meng Shao, Xiaodi Pan and Chunjiang Zhao

Micro-scale phenotyping analysis of vascular bundles is valuable for phenotypic identification of germplasm resources. We developed a sample preparation protocol for micro-CT imaging of corn stalks, and designed an automatic image processing pipeline for phenotyping analysis of vascular bundles. These methods have potential to improve the throughput and quality of micro-scale phenotypic traits, and are expected to be useful in genetic and physiological studies to discover links between stalk anatomy and functions such as water transportation efficiency, mechanical properties.

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Published online 04 August 2016
Pot size matters revisited: does container size affect the response to elevated CO2 and our ability to detect genotypic variability in this response in wheat? 
Maryse Bourgault, Andrew T. James and M. Fernanda Dreccer

The next step in wheat climate change adaptation research is to evaluate responses of individual cultivars to elevated CO2. This will require the evaluation of large numbers of genotypes, and for practical reasons, preliminary studies are most likely to be conducted in controlled environments with container-grown plants. However, this might create problems or reduce the ability to detecting true cultivar responses.

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Published online 03 August 2016
Co-ordinated performance of leaf hydraulics and economics in 10 Chinese temperate tree species 
Ying Jin, Chuankuan Wang, Zhenghu Zhou and Zhimin Li

Leaf trait correlations are important for understanding carbon–water–nutrient couplings in plant functional biology. We investigated leaf hydraulics and economic traits for 10 Chinese temperate tree species, and found a tight co-ordination between these two suits of traits. This co-ordinated performance plays an important role in determining plant ecological strategies and supports the ‘fast–slow’ leaf economics spectrum.

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Published online 01 August 2016
Protection by light against heat stress in leaves of tropical crassulacean acid metabolism plants containing high acid levels 
G. Heinrich Krause, Klaus Winter, Barbara Krause and Aurelio Virgo

Plants exhibiting crassulacean acid metabolism are highly heat sensitive in the dark when malic acid has accumulated in cell vacuoles overnight. The present investigation on Clusia and Agave shows that light effectively eliminates the increased heat sensitivity seen at high acid levels. It is concluded that in the dark, heat-induced efflux of malic acid from vacuoles causes damage to leaf tissue, particularly to chloroplasts, whereas under illumination, damage is avoided by turnover of the acid during photosynthetic metabolism.

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Published online 01 August 2016
Truncation of grain filling in wheat (Triticum aestivum) triggered by brief heat stress during early grain filling: association with senescence responses and reductions in stem reserves 
Hamid Shirdelmoghanloo, Daniel Cozzolino, Iman Lohraseb and Nicholas C. Collins

Short heat waves during grain filling significantly reduce grain size and consequently yield in wheat. Heat caused grain filling in intolerant varieties to be cut short rather than slowed, pointing to premature senescence in the grain as the determinant of grain weight losses under heat, rather than reduced sugar supply to the grain caused by rapid loss of leaf greenness. Efforts to improve the heat stability of grain size could therefore focus on preventing heat-triggered senescence in the grain.

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Published online 29 July 2016
Molecular cloning and functional characterisation of the tomato E3 ubiquitin ligase SlBAH1 gene 
Shu-Mei Zhou, Sai-Han Wang, Chao Lin, Yun-Zhi Song, Xin-Xin Zheng, Feng-Ming Song and Chang-Xiang Zhu

In this study we isolated the SlBAH1 gene from tomato. SlBAH1 possesses E3 ubiquitin ligase enzyme activity. SlBAH1 was localised in the nucleus, cytoplasm and plasma membrane. SlBAH1-silencing enhanced resistance to Botrytis cinerea.

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Published online 21 July 2016
Effects of exogenous nitric oxide on growth, proline accumulation and antioxidant capacity in Cakile maritima seedlings subjected to water deficit stress 
Asma Jday, Kilani Ben Rejeb, Ines Slama, Kaouthar Saadallah, Marianne Bordenave, Séverine Planchais, Arnould Savouré and Chedly Abdelly

Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous signaling molecule mediating plant responses to environmental constraints. The effect of exogenous NO was investigated in Cakile maritima seedlings under water deficit stress, using sodium nitroprusside as NO donor. NO supply mitigated the impact of water deficit stress on C. maritima by the stimulation of proline biosynthesis and the reduction of oxidative damage.

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Published online 07 July 2016
Establishing the temperature dependency of vegetative and reproductive growth processes and their threshold temperatures of vineyard-grown Vitis vinifera cv. Semillon vines across the growing season 
Dennis H. Greer and Mark M. Weedon

Vegetative and reproductive growth of many plant species is detrimentally affected by high temperatures, but it is not known just how high the temperatures have to be to cause damage. In this work, a hydrocooling system was used to control grapevine canopy temperatures at set points. The results showed many processes such as dry matter accumulation were optimal at 30°C, therefore, where some depreciation was evident suggested a threshold temperature was 35°C and exposure to 40°C was distinctly detrimental.

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Published online 07 July 2016
Genetic variation in Fe toxicity tolerance is associated with the regulation of translocation and chelation of iron along with antioxidant defence in shoots of rice 
Ahmad Humayan Kabir, Most Champa Begum, Ariful Haque, Ruhul Amin, A. M. Swaraz, Syed Ali Haider, Nishit Kumar Paul and Mohammad Monzur Hossain

Iron toxicity is harmful to plants. The aim of this study was to characterise the mechanisms underlying differential Fe-toxicity tolerance in wheat. From our results we propose that Fe-toxicity tolerance in wheat is shoot based and is mainly associated with the regulation of translocation and chelation of Fe together with increased antioxidant defence in shoots.

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Published online 04 July 2016
Phenotyping oilseed rape growth-related traits and their responses to water deficit: the disturbing pot size effect 
Anaëlle Dambreville, Mélanie Griolet, Gaëlle Rolland, Myriam Dauzat, Alexis Bédiée, Crispulo Balsera, Bertrand Muller, Denis Vile and Christine Granier

Plant phenotyping platforms allow high-throughput experiments, and facilitate the study of plant growth to precisely monitored watering conditions. This study describes the disturbing effect of pot size on oilseed rape responses to water deficit. Our results raise the awareness of the need to carefully consider the pot size when designing protocols of high-throughput phenotyping experiments.

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Published online 30 June 2016
Early interconnectivity between metabolic and defense events against oxidative stress induced by cadmium in roots of four citrus rootstocks 
Griselda Podazza, Marta Arias and Fernando E. Prado

Cadmium (Cd) is the main heavy metal that limits plant productivity worldwide. Antioxidant mechanisms of the four citrus rootstocks exposed to environmentally-realistic concentrations of Cd were characterised. We found that roots differ in the ability to cope Cd-induced oxidative stress through differences in metabolic and antioxidant events involving carbohydrates, soluble and polymerised phenolics, lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species accumulation. We propose a hypothetical model to explain differences observed in this study.

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Published online 27 June 2016
Do wheat breeders have suitable genetic variation to overcome short coleoptiles and poor establishment in the warmer soils of future climates? 
Greg J. Rebetzke, Bangyou Zheng and Scott C. Chapman

The effects of high temperature on reproductive growth have been a focus in climate change research. However, concomitant increases in air and soil temperatures will substantially reduce coleoptile elongation, limiting wheat establishment, particularly when wheat is sown early into deeper soil moisture. Improved management, together with selection of new and existing alleles for greater coleoptile length, will be required to avoid crop establishment failures in future climates.

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Published online 27 June 2016
Water deficit stress tolerance in chickpea is mediated by the contribution of integrative defence systems in different tissues of the plant 
Davinder Kaur, Satvir K. Grewal, Jagmeet Kaur, Sarvjeet Singh and Inderjit Singh

Water deficit stress is a major constraint to chickpea yield and there is need to identify the physiological and biochemical indices of drought tolerance. Water deficit stress tolerance in chickpea is mediated by antioxidative defence mechanisms in different underground (roots and nodules) and aboveground (leaves, pod walls and seeds) tissues. The study can be used for enhancing the sustainability of agricultural practices in low-moisture soils.

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Published online 24 June 2016
Stress tolerance mechanisms in Juncus: responses to salinity and drought in three Juncus species adapted to different natural environments 
Mohamad Al Hassan, María del Pilar López-Gresa, Monica Boscaiu and Oscar Vicente

Responses to salinity and drought were analysed in three rush species with different degrees of salt tolerance. The most tolerant species – sea rush and spiny rush – were more efficient in inhibition of the transport of toxic ions to the aerial part of the plants, activate potassium transport at high external salt concentrations, and accumulated much higher levels of proline as an osmoprotectant. These findings contribute to elucidate relevant stress tolerance mechanisms in Juncus species.

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Published online 14 June 2016
Different photosynthetic acclimation mechanisms are activated under waterlogging in two contrasting Lolium perenne genotypes 
Barbara Jurczyk, Ewa Pociecha, Janusz Košcielniak and Marcin Rapacz

Increased precipitation during warmer winters may lead to low-temperature waterlogging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of cold waterlogging on photosynthesis: it was shown that different photosynthetic acclimation systems are activated. The results indicate that the predicted climatic changes may modify cold acclimation process in plants.

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blank image Functional Plant Biology
Volume 43 Number 9 2016

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Descriptive Table of Contents 
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Ecophysiology of leaf trichomes 
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Christopher P. Bickford
pp. 807-814

This review examines how leaf trichomes influence leaf physiological responses to environmental drivers. Analysis of work published over the last 40 years shows that reflective trichomes are protective, and that some trichomes may be important in modulating leaf water relations. Together, these findings show that trichomes can exert substantial influence over leaf energy, carbon and water balance.


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Root morphological traits that determine phosphorus-acquisition efficiency and critical external phosphorus requirement in pasture species 
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Rebecca E. Haling , Zongjian Yang , Natalie Shadwell , Richard A. Culvenor , Adam Stefanski , Megan H. Ryan , Graeme A. Sandral , Daniel R. Kidd , Hans Lambers and Richard J. Simpson
pp. 815-826

Soils low in plant-available phosphorus are a major constraint to global agricultural production. This work investigated how root morphology influences the ability of pasture legume species to explore the soil for phosphorus and yield well under low phosphorus conditions. Selecting pasture legume species with root traits that maximise soil exploration could significantly reduce phosphorus fertiliser inputs in pasture systems.

    | Supplementary Material (57 KB)

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The influence of water stress on grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) shoots in a cool, humid climate: growth, gas exchange and hydraulics 
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Vinay Pagay , Vivian Zufferey and Alan N. Lakso
pp. 827-837

Seasonal soil moisture deficits are known to negatively affect growth and productivity of grapevines in semiarid climates; however, less is known about the effects of reduced moisture availability in cooler and wetter regions. Here, we characterise the physiological and hydraulic responses of grapevines to reduced soil water availability in a cool climate and show that these responses differ between grapevines as well as within grapevines at the level of individual shoots based on their size.


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Depicting how Eucalyptus globulus survives drought: involvement of redox and DNA methylation events 
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Barbara Correia , Luis Valledor , Robert D. Hancock , Cláudia Jesus , Joana Amaral , Mónica Meijón and Glória Pinto
pp. 838-850

The relation between oxidative stress, DNA methylation and altered cellular function is well known in human cells but still under investigated in plants. Studying how some of these mechanisms were modulated by drought and recovery in eucalypts revealed a parallel occurrence, which is probably part of the explanation of how this species overcomes stressful conditions. Our findings are ultimately intended to encourage the scientific community to identify cellular oxidative signals that control DNA methylation and to define any causal link that may condition cellular response.

    | Supplementary Material (57 KB)

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Dew absorption by the leaf trichomes of Combretum leprosum in the Brazilian semiarid region 
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Ana L. C. B. Pina , Roberta B. Zandavalli , Rafael S. Oliveira , Fernando R. Martins and Arlete A. Soares
pp. 851-861

In arid and semiarid regions, dew may represent an important water source for plants. We demonstrated that dew leaf absorption aid the maintenance hydration of leaf tissues, improve carbon assimilation and may be considered an important source of water to growth and survival of plants at seasonally dry environments.


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Reduced soybean photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency associated with evolutionary genetic bottlenecks 
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José L. Rotundo and Lucas Borrás
pp. 862-869

Feeding a growing world population requires increasing the rate of genetic crop improvement, but the lack of genetic variation in modern crops is thought to restrain this objective. Previous studies have tested if soybean wild relatives are a reservoir of genetic variation, but without considering specific physiological traits. We describe a parallel reduction in molecular marker and phenotypic photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency diversity happening after each known soybean evolutionary bottleneck.

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In vivo and in vitro approaches demonstrate proline is not directly involved in the protection against superoxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide and peroxynitrite 
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Santiago Signorelli , Camila Imparatta , Marta Rodríguez-Ruiz , Omar Borsani , Francisco J. Corpas and Jorge Monza
pp. 870-879

Plants accumulate proline under diverse stresses, and it has been suggested that proline protects against oxidative stress; however, it is still unclear whether or not its protection is due to antioxidant activity. In this study we evaluated whether proline reacts with several reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and demonstrated that proline is not a scavenger of peroxynitrite, superoxide, nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide. This implies that describing proline as a general antioxidant molecule is not correct.


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Genotypic variation in photosynthetic limitation responses to K deficiency of Brassica napus is associated with potassium utilisation efficiency 
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Zhifeng Lu , Jianwei Lu , Yonghui Pan , Xiaokun Li , Rihuan Cong and Tao Ren
pp. 880-891

Plant cultivars higher in potassium utilisation efficiency (KUtE) are likely to have better gross CO2 assimilation and yield under potassium (K) deficiency; however, the inner link between KUtE and photosynthesis remains unclear. The differences on photosynthetic limitations between two cultivars (differ in KUtE) under K deficiency were explored here. Cultivars higher in KUtE were superiority ascribing to their lower K-based thresholds for photosynthetic limitations.

    | Supplementary Material (412 KB)

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The effect of elevated CO2 and virus infection on the primary metabolism of wheat 
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Simone Vassiliadis , Kim M. Plummer , Kevin S. Powell , Piotr Trębicki , Jo E. Luck and Simone J. Rochfort
pp. 892-902

Elevated atmospheric CO2 (eCO2) associated with climate change can impact important food crops by altering the interaction between plants and insects that spread disease. This study focuses on the biochemical response of wheat to Barley yellow dwarf virus–aphid interactions under predicted eCO2 concentrations, with the results indicating that primary metabolism is altered by both. The increased sugars induced by eCO2 and the increased amino acids induced by virus infection indicate that the virus epidemiology may change in the future.

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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    FP16218  Accepted 24 August 2016
    Overexpression of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase in both leaf and seed tissue synergistically increase biomass and seed number in rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica)
    Alanna Oiestad, John Martin, Michael Giroux

    FP16217  Accepted 23 August 2016
    Comparative performance of spectral and thermographic properties of plants and physiological traits for phenotyping salinity tolerance of wheat cultivars under simulated field conditions
    Yuncai Hu, Harald Hackl, Urs Schmidhalter

    FP16187  Accepted 20 August 2016
    Tissue tolerance: an essential but elusive trait for salt-tolerant crops
    Rana Munns, Richard James, Matthew Gilliham, Tim Flowers, Tim Colmer

    FP16138  Accepted 17 August 2016
    Responses of woody cerrado species to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration and water stress: gains and losses
    João Paulo Souza, Nayara Magry Melo, Eduardo Pereira, Alessandro Halfeld, Ingrid Gomes, Carlos Henrique Prado

    FP16045  Accepted 10 August 2016
    Leaf trichomes and foliar chemistry mediate defence against glasshouse thrips; Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché) in Rhododendron simsii.
    Alison Scott-Brown, Tom Gregory, Iain Farrell, Philip Stevenson

    FP16150  Accepted 02 August 2016
    Adaptation to and recovery from drought stress at vegetative stages in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars
    Muhammad Abid, Zhongwei Tian, Syed Tahir Ata-Ul-Karim, Feng Wang, Yang Liu, Rizwan Zahoor, Dong Jiang, Tingbo Dai

    FP16121  Accepted 02 August 2016
    Hyperspectral imaging reveals the effect of sugar beet QTLs on Cercospora leaf spot resistance
    Marlene Leucker, Mirwaes Wahabzada, Kristian Kersting, Madlaina Peter, Werner Beyer, Ulrike Steiner, Anne-Katrin Mahlein, Erich-Christian Oerke

    FP16022  Accepted 31 July 2016
    Stress induced changes in carbon allocation among metabolite pools influence isotope based predictions of water-use efficiency in Phaseolus vulgaris
    Erin Lockhart, Birgit Wild, Andreas Richter, Kevin Simonin, Andrew Merchant

    FP16104  Accepted 29 July 2016
    Identification of an orthologous clade of peroxidases that respond to feeding by greenbugs (Schizaphis graminum) in C4 grasses
    Erin Scully, Teresa Donze-Reiner, Haichuan Wang, Thomas Eickhoff, Frederick Baxendale, Paul Twigg, Frank Kovacs, Tiffany Heng-Moss, Scott Sattler, Gautam Sarath

    FP16012  Accepted 29 July 2016
    Weak coordination between vein and stomatal densities in 105 angiosperm tree species along altitudinal gradients in Southwest China
    Wan-Li Zhao, Ya-Jun Chen, Tim Brodribb, Kun-Fang Cao

    FP16167  Accepted 23 July 2016
    Approaches to Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of Plant Shoot Topology and Geometry
    Jonathon Gibbs, Michael Pound, Andrew French, Darren Wells, Erik Murchie, Tony Pridmore


The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 11 January 2016
Root-to-shoot signalling: integration of diverse molecules, pathways and functions

Sergey Shabala, Rosemary G. White, Michael A. Djordjevic, Yong-Ling Ruan and Ulrike Mathesius

2. Published 15 September 2015
Genetic approaches to enhancing nitrogen-use efficiency (NUE) in cereals: challenges and future directions

Trevor Garnett, Darren Plett, Sigrid Heuer and Mamoru Okamoto

3. Published 11 January 2016
Shoot–root carbon allocation, sugar signalling and their coupling with nitrogen uptake and assimilation

Lu Wang and Yong-Ling Ruan

4. Published 15 September 2015
The significance of image compression in plant phenotyping applications

Massimo Minervini, Hanno Scharr and Sotirios A. Tsaftaris

5. Published 8 March 2016
Dynamic responses of photosynthesis and the antioxidant system during a drought and rehydration cycle in peanut plants

Ana Furlan, Eliana Bianucci, María del Carmen Tordable, Aleysia Kleinert, Alexander Valentine and Stella Castro

6. Published 13 April 2016
Temperature response of CO2 exchange in three tropical tree species

Martijn Slot, Milton N. Garcia and Klaus Winter

7. Published 15 September 2015
Genetic diversity for root plasticity and nitrogen uptake in wheat seedlings

Vanessa J. Melino, Gabriele Fiene, Akiko Enju, Jinhai Cai, Peter Buchner and Sigrid Heuer

8. Published 8 March 2016
Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters allow the rapid detection and differentiation of plant responses in three different wheat pathosystems

Olubukola O. Ajigboye, Louise Bousquet, Erik H. Murchie and Rumiana V. Ray

9. Published 10 December 2015
Signalling via glutamate and GLRs in Arabidopsis thaliana

Matthias Weiland, Stefano Mancuso and Frantisek Baluska

10. Published 15 September 2015
Cellular pathways of source leaf phloem loading and phloem unloading in developing stems of Sorghum bicolor in relation to stem sucrose storage

Ricky J. Milne, Christina E. Offler, John W. Patrick and Christopher P. L. Grof

11. Published 10 December 2015
Physiological trade-offs of stomatal closure under high evaporative gradients in field grown soybean

Viviana Medina and Matthew E. Gilbert

12. Published 10 December 2015
Root biomass in the upper layer of the soil profile is related to the stomatal response of wheat as the soil dries

Renu Saradadevi, Helen Bramley, Jairo A. Palta, Everard Edwards and Kadambot H. M. Siddique

13. Published 11 January 2016
Wheats developed for high yield on stored soil moisture have deep vigorous root systems

Sarah M. Rich, Anton P. Wasson, Richard A. Richards, Trushna Katore, Renu Prashar, Ritika Chowdhary, D. C. Saxena, H. M. Mamrutha, Alec Zwart, S. C. Misra, S. V. Sai Prasad, R. Chatrath, Jack Christopher and Michelle Watt

14. Published 11 January 2016
Root responses of triticale and soybean to soil compaction in the field are reproducible under controlled conditions

Tino Colombi and Achim Walter

15. Published 13 October 2015
Lipoxygenase 2 functions in exogenous nitric oxide-induced stomatal closure in Arabidopsis thaliana

Yanfeng Sun, Dong Lv, Wei Wang, Wei Xu, Li Wang, Chen Miao and Hong-Hui Lin

16. Published 13 August 2015
What drives fruit growth?

Robert C. O. Okello, Ep Heuvelink, Pieter H. B. de Visser, Paul C. Struik and Leo F. M. Marcelis

17. Published 15 September 2015
Re-analysis of plant CO2 responses during the exponential growth phase: interactions with light, temperature, nutrients and water availability

Miko U. F. Kirschbaum and Suzanne M. Lambie

18. Published 23 November 2015
Of growing importance: combining greater early vigour and transpiration efficiency for wheat in variable rainfed environments

P. B. Wilson, G. J. Rebetzke and A. G. Condon

19. Published 13 August 2015
The hydraulic architecture of Eucalyptus trees growing across a gradient of depth-to-groundwater

Sepideh Zolfaghar, Randol Villalobos-Vega, Melanie Zeppel and Derek Eamus

20. Published 11 January 2016
Salt-stress induced alterations in the root lipidome of two barley genotypes with contrasting responses to salinity

Siria H. A. Natera, Camilla B. Hill, Thusitha W. T. Rupasinghe and Ute Roessner

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