Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Post–flood nitrogen and basal phosphorus management affects survival, metabolic changes and anti-oxidant enzyme activities of submerged rice (Oryza sativa)

Priyanka Gautam A C D , Banwari Lal A C , Rajagounder Raja A , Mirza Jaynul Baig B , Deepika Haldar A , Liza Rath A , Mohammad Shahid A , Rahul Tripathi A , Sangita Mohanty A , Pratap Bhattacharyya A and Amaresh Kumar Nayak A

A Division of Crop Production, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753 006, India.

B Division of Biochemistry, Physiology and Environmental Sciences, Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753 006, India.

C These authors contributed equally to this work.

D Corresponding author. Email: priyanakagautam@gmail.com

Functional Plant Biology 41(12) 1284-1294 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP14093
Submitted: 24 March 2014  Accepted: 3 June 2014   Published: 5 August 2014

Abstract

Flooding is one of the major harmful abiotic stresses in the low lying areas of Asia and crop losses due to submergence are considerably high. Along with plant breeding techniques, agronomic management options in general and nutrient management in particular should be taken into consideration. Response of Sub 1 and non-Sub1 cultivars of rice to post-flood nitrogen (N) management under variable flood water was compared at maximum tillering stage. Submergence tolerance on survival, leaf senescence, metabolic changes, and anti-oxidant enzymatic activities were evaluated. Sub1 cultivars proved their superiority over IR-20 in terms of significantly higher survival, anti-oxidant enzymes and lower metabolic changes. Turbid water resulted in lower survival because of poor light transmission, chlorophyll retention and silt deposition. Basal phosphorus reduced the elongation, senescence and ethylene accumulation. Post-flood foliar spray of urea substantially increased the chlorophyll, soluble sugars and extenuated ethylene accumulation resulting in significantly higher survival. These nutrient management options can provide opportunities for better survival and productivity even under turbid water, helping farmers to cope with the existing problems in flood-prone areas.

Additional keywords: anti-oxidant enzymes, chlorophyll, elongation, turbidity.


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