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Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science SocietyJournal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science Society
A journal for meteorology, climate, oceanography, hydrology and space weather focused on the southern hemisphere

Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science

Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science

Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science publishes broad areas of research with a distinct emphasis of the Southern Hemisphere. The scope of the journal encompasses the study of the mean state, variability and change of the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface, including the cryosphere, from hemispheric to regional scales. Read more about the journalMore

Editor-in-Chief: Steven Siems

Editors: Peter May and Andréa Taschetto

Publishing Model: Open Access

Download our Journal Flyer (PDF, 1.2MB)

Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science is published by CSIRO Publishing on behalf of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology [external link] in association with the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society [external link]


These articles are the latest published in the journal. Journal of Southern Hemisphere Earth Systems Science has moved to a continuous publication model. More information is available on our Continuous Publication page.

Published online 06 February 2024

ES23022Observing and forecasting the retreat of northern Australia’s rainy season

Tim Cowan 0000-0002-8376-4879, Emily Hinds, Andrew G. Marshall 0000-0003-4902-1462, Matthew C. Wheeler 0000-0002-9769-1973 and Catherine de Burgh-Day 0000-0002-1975-0042

The transition into northern Australia’s dry season marks an important time for beef and sheep producers with regard to decisions on animal feed rationing. The last wet season rains – known as the northern rainfall retreat date – could be a useful decision date for northern graziers. This study describes different ways of defining the rainfall retreat and shows that the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s seasonal forecast system (ACCESS-S2) has moderate skill at forecasting if the retreat is likely to be later or earlier than usual at a lead time of 2.5 months across the far northern wet tropics.

Published online 19 January 2024

ES23012Application of satellite altimetry for studying the water vapour variability over the tropical Indian Ocean

Fathin Nurzaman, Dudy D. Wijaya 0009-0006-5944-0643, Nabila S. E. Putri, Noor N. Abdullah, Brian Bramanto, Zamzam A. J. Tanuwijaya, Wedyanto Kuntjoro, Bambang Setyadji and Dhota Pradipta

A new application for satellite altimetry is showcased in this paper. Altimetric satellites are originally intended for oceanographic application through their sea surface height measurement. A different perspective is used here, in which the altimetric satellites are utilised for atmospheric measurement using their microwave radiometer. This paper showcases that the radiometer measurement can be used to study the water vapour variability over the tropical Indian Ocean, which can contribute to the rainfall-induced disaster risk assessment around the region.

Published online 09 November 2023

ES23010Biases and teleconnections in the Met Office Global Coupled Model version 5.0 (GC5) – insights for seasonal prediction and Australia

Chen Li 0000-0002-3811-4236, Debra Hudson 0000-0002-0129-0922, Xiaobing Zhou 0000-0003-3978-5995, Hongyan Zhu 0000-0002-9824-3347, Matthew C. Wheeler 0000-0002-9769-1973, Griffith Young 0009-0000-9654-9353, Charline Marzin and Luke Roberts

The latest UK Met Office Global Coupled Model Version 5.0 (GC5) configuration, which might underpin the Australian Bureau of Meteorology’s next seasonal prediction and numerical weather prediction system, has been evaluated. The assessment focuses on the climate mean state and variabilities relevant to Australian climate and shows significant improvements in the eastern Pacific mean state. Despite remaining issues, GC5 shows promise for improved prediction skill of ENSO and its teleconnections.

Published online 30 August 2023

ES23002Evaluation of seasonal teleconnections to remote drivers of Australian rainfall in CMIP5 and CMIP6 models

Christine Chung 0000-0002-5510-6609, Ghyslaine Boschat, Andréa Taschetto 0000-0001-6020-1603, Sugata Narsey, Shayne McGregor, Agus Santoso and François Delage

The ability of climate models to simulate accurate teleconnections between large-scale modes of variability and Australian rainfall is crucial in ensuring constrained projections of future climate. This paper evaluates models from the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6), focusing on the seasonal teleconnections between the El Niño–Southern Oscillation, the Indian Ocean Dipole, the Southern Annular Mode and Australian rainfall. An improvement is found in the representation springtime rainfall teleconnections. However, large inter-model spread remains a source of uncertainty.

Published online 17 August 2023

ES22030Utilisation FINN data version 2.5 for forecasting PM2.5 during forest fire 2019 in Sumatra by using WRF–Chem

Prawira Yudha Kombara 0000-0002-4165-2318, Alvin Pratama, Waluyo Eko Cahyono, Wiwiek Setyawati, Emmanuel Adetya and Hana Listi Fitriana

The prediction of concentration and distribution of PM2.5 parameters during forest fires is important. Predicting PM2.5 can use the WRF–Chem model with the old version of FINN data input, but it still does not produce accurate results. The latest FINN data have been released and can be used to update the old FINN data.

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Committee on Publication Ethics

Outstanding Associate Editor Award

Neil Holbrook is the recipient of the 2022 Outstanding Associate Editor Award.

Best Student Paper

The Best Student Paper published in 2022 has been awarded to Mathilde Ritman.